Ministère du Pétrole, de l’Énergie et du Développement des Énergies Renouvelables
The Ministère du Pétrole, de l’Énergie et du Développement des Énergies Renouvelables (Ministry of Petroleum, Energy and Renewable Energy Development) is responsible for national energy policy and coordination of the activities in the sector. The Ministry sets the sector’s framework. It monitors electricity production, distribution transmission equipment, social electrification and the promotion and management of renewable energies.
The General Directorate of Energy comprises three Central Directorates and two related departments. The central directorates are the Directorate for Energy Monitoring and Regulation, the Directorate of New and Renewable Energies, and the Directorate of Rural Electrification while the related departments are the Bureau of Energy Saving (BEE); and the Department of Administration and Materials (SAM).
L’Autorité Nationale de Régulation du Secteur de l’Électricité de Côte d’Ivoire (ANARE)
The Autorité Nationale de Régulation du Secteur de l’Electricité de Côte d’Ivoire (ANARÉ – National Electricity Sector Regulatory Authority) is responsible for the regulation of the electricity sector. The agency was established in 1998. It is in charge of overseeing the compliance with the laws, regulations and obligations under authorizations and conventions in force in the electricity sector. It proposes the electricity tariffs to the state as well as the tariffs to access the national grid. ANARE ensures protection of consumers and their rights and arbitrates disputes between operators or between operators and the state. Finally, it advises and assists the state in regulating the electricity sector. The Electricity Code of 2014 gives greater independence and authority to the body by specifically providing that it is an independent legal entity with financial autonomy.
Compagnie Ivoirienne d’Électricité (CIE)
The Compagnie Ivoirienne d’Électricité (CIE – Ivorian Electricity Company) is a vertically integrated monopoly, handling most generation, management and distribution of electricity in the country. Created in August 1990 by the French group Bouygues and the electricity company EDF, CIE is a mainly private Ivoirian company that holds a public service concession for the production, transportation, export, import, distribution and marketing of electricity. The IPPs in the generation sector sign Power Purchasing Agreements with CIE in its role as the sole transmission and distribution operator.
Société des Energies de Côte d’Ivoire (CI-ENERGIES)
In December 1998, the state undertook a reform of its institutional framework, limited the mandate of the CIE and created two new national companies: The Société de Gestion du Patrimoine du Secteur de l’Electricité (SOGEPE) was set up to manage the assets of the state and the financial flows of the sector on its behalf. The Société d’Opération Ivoirienne l’Électricité (SOPIE) was created to ensure long term planning of the sector. In 2010, Côte d’Ivoire undertook another reform, which led to the merger of SOGEPE and SOPIE under the new national electricity company Société des Énergies de Côte d’Ivoire (CI-ENERGIES). CI-ENERGIES continues to carry out the tasks of both companies and thus manages on behalf of the state the electricity supply as well as new projects as grantor of concession agreements.
Other government initiatives include; The National Program for Rural Electrification (PRONER) that was launched by the government of Côte d’Ivoire in 2014 which aims to increase the penetration rate of electricity to 80% by 2020 and the coverage rate to about 100%. It also plans to maintain an electrification rate of 500 new localities (each with over 500 inhabitants) annually until 2020. The Electricity For All Program was adopted in 2014 with the aim to establish 200,000 new grid connections to the grid per annum.