Madagascar

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Key figures

Available statistics:
Official name
Madagascar
Capital
Antananarivo
Official languages
Malagasy French
Population (2018)
26,262,368
Population growth, in % (2018, est)
2.67
Median age, in years (2018 est.)
19.2
Urbanization rate , in % (2015 – 2018est.)
4.48
Urban population, % of total (2015)
37.2
Rural population, % of total (2015)
62.8
Demographic density, per km2 (2018)
45.1
Human Development Indicator (2018)
161
Total foreign investment, USD billion (2017)
466
Budget deficit, % (2016)
2.9
National currency
Malagasy Ariary (MGA)
Location
Eastern Africa
GDP, in USD billion current (2018 est.)
12.1
GDP real growth rate, in % (2016 est.)
4.1
GDP growth forecast, in % (2015 – 2020)
5.2
GNI per Capita, current USD (2018)
158
Compound Annual Growth Rate, in %
5.2
Population below poverty line, in % (2010 est.)
75.3
Inflation rate, in % (2019)
5.9
Inflation forecast, in % (2015 – 2020)
5.2
Exchange rate, USD (July, 2019)
3,550
Ease-of-doing business Index (2018, out of 190 countries)
161
ODA, USD billion (2015)
779.5
TI Corruption Index (2018)
152
Ease of starting a business index (2016, out of 189 countries )
128
Installed Generating Capacity, in MW (2016)
681
Installed Fossil Fuel Capacity, in MW (2016)
517
Installed Hydro Capacity, in MW (2016)
163
Other Renewable Energy Capacity, in kW (2016)
159 (Solar), 177 (Wind), 304 (Biomass)
Renewable electricity output as % of total electricity output excl. hydro (2016)
1
Total production, in GWh (2016)
1,706
Planned Expansion, in GWh (2030)
7,900
Average distribution and transmission losses as % of output (2014)
34
Net electricity imports, in kWh (2017)
0
Electrification rate, total in % (2017)
24
Electrification rate, urban in % (2018)
68.7
Electrification rate, rural in % (2017)
0
Peak demand, in MW (2016)
328
Per capita electricity consumption, in kWh (2015)
62