Key figures

Available statistics:
Capital
Maputo
Official language
Portuguese
Population (2018 est.)
29,495,962
Population growth (2018 est.), %
2.91
Median age (2018est.), years
17.5
Urbanization rate (2015 - 2018), % p.a.
4.4
Urban population (2018), % of total
36
Rural population (2018), % of total
64
Population density (2018), per km2
37.5
HDI (2018), rank of 188
180
National Currency
Metical
Exchange rate (July 2019), USD
1 USD = 62 MZN
GDP (2018), USD million current
14,458.08
GDP growth (2018), %
3.27
GDP annual growth rate forecast (2020), %
3.5
GNI per capita (2018), current int’l USD
1,300
Inflation (2018), %
4.7
Inflation Rate Forecast (2020), %
6.0
Foreign Direct Investment, net inflows (2017), BOP current USD billions
2,319
Net official development assistance (2017), current USD millions
1,776
Budget deficit (2018), % of GDP
4.6
Ease of Doing Business (2018), rank of 190
137
TI Corruption Index (2018), rank of 180
158
Installed Generation Capacity (2016), MW
2,626
Installed Fossil Fuel Capacity (2016), % of total installed capacity
17
Hydro Capacity (2017), % of total installed capacity
83
Other RE Capacity (2017), % of total installed capacity
1
Renewable electricity output as % of total electricity output incl. hydro (2018)
86
Avg. distribution and transmission losses as % of output (2016)
14.7
Net electricity imports (2016), kWh
9.9 billion
Electrification rate, total (2018) %
29
Electrification rate, urban (2018) %
58
Electrification rate, rural (2018) %
15
Peak demand (2015), MW
831
Per capita electricity consumption (2016), kWh
410