The Ministry of Energy and Minerals (MEM)
The Ministry of Energy and Minerals is responsible for the national energy policy and coordination of the activities in the sector. Its task is to create an attractive framework so that all stakeholders can operate successfully. MEM has responsibility for creating and reviewing policies and strategies as set out in the National Energy Policy and the National Energy Strategy through issuances and guidelines.
The Energy and Water Utilities Regulatory Authority (EWURA)
The Energy and Water Utilities Regulatory Authority is an autonomous multi-sectoral regulatory authority established by the Energy and Water Utilities Regulatory Authority Act in 2001. It is responsible for technical and economic regulation of the electricity, petroleum, natural gas and water sectors.
The functions of EWURA include licensing, tariff review, monitoring performance and standard-setting with regards to quality, safety, health and environment. EWURA is also responsible for promoting effective competition and economic efficiency, protecting the interests of consumers and promoting the availability of regulated services to all consumers including low income, rural and disadvantaged consumers in the regulated sectors.
Tanzania Electric Supply Company Limited (TANESCO)
Tanzania Electric Supply Company Limited is a public organization under the Ministry of Energy and Minerals. The company generates, transmits, distributes and sells electricity to the Tanzania Mainland and sells bulk power to the Zanzibar Electricity Corporation (ZECO). TANESCO in the year ending June 2016 was responsible for 60.72% of the electricity generated in the country[i], also being responsible for all the centralized transmitting and distributing facilities in Tanzania Mainland. The Government of Tanzania removed TANESCO’s monopoly as the sole power generating and distributing company in 2008 after setting first steps towards market liberalization in 1992. The Company is currently facing significant challenges underpinned by issues on its financial performance.
Rural Energy Agency (REA)
REA is an autonomous body under the Ministry of Energy and Minerals. Its main role is to promote and facilitate improved access to modern energy services in rural areas. Deriving its power from the Rural Energy Act no.8 of 2005, the agency became operational in October 2007. The agency actively works with the private sector, non-governmental organizations, community-based organizations and government agencies.
Tanzania Investment Center (TIC)
The Tanzania Investment Centre (TIC) was established in 1997 by the Tanzania Investment Act to be the Primary Agency of the Government to coordinate, encourage, promote and facilitate investment in Tanzania and to advise the Government on investment policy and related matters. The agency deals with all enterprises whose minimum capital investment is not less than US $ 500,000 if foreign owned or US $ 100,000 if locally owned. The agency assists all investors to obtain permits, authorization etc. required by other laws to set up and operate investments in Tanzania.
Tanzania Revenue Authority
The Tanzania Revenue Authority (TRA) was established by Act of Parliament No. 11 of 1995, and started its operations on 1st July 1996. In carrying out its statutory functions , TRA is regulated by law, and is responsible for administering impartially various taxes of the Central Government.
TIB Development Bank
TIB Development Bank Limited was established in November 1970 under a Parliamentary Act. The Government re-designated TIB as a Development Finance Institution (DFI) in 2005 with engagement now focused primarily on infrastructure, industrialization (agro-processing, mining, and general manufacturing) oil and gas and services sector.
Independent Power Producers
The Tanzanian government differentiates between Independent Power Producers, Small Power Producers and Emergency Power Producers. They currently contribute 40% to the installed capacity. Nine large power plants using gas, heavy fuel oil and diesel are run by private companies (IPPs). Two Emergency Power Producers, Aggreko and Symbion LLC, were hired by TANESCO to temporarily produce power in order to decrease the need for load shedding. Independent Power Producers are all private companies running power plants larger than 10 MW under a Purchase Power Agreement. A number of Small Power Producers (SPPs) develop smaller projects (< 10 MW) under a specific SPP framework and sell their produced electricity to TANESCO or to consumers such as agricultural businesses that produce sugar, tea, sisal or tannin. Their supply is usually based on renewable energy technologies – particularly biogas and solar PV.